Private: I wrote – Nashwa El Hefny:
From smuggling to the water crisis … “Iraq” is suffering from foreign interference that threatens its survival Recently “Iraq” has been accused again; Iran, changing the flow of rivers within its borders, formed a technical committee to negotiate.
In light of the climate change crisis affecting the countries of the world, experts say that “Iraq” is among the most vulnerable countries in the face of climate change, due to which the world has given the alarm, Lack of rain and dry rivers.
Iraqi officials see that part of this crisis is caused by “Turkey” and “Iran”, which control the amount of water entering “Iraq”.
“Iran” change in river flow ..
Issa al-Fayyad said; The Director General of the Technical Department of the Ministry of Environment said that the problem was found years ago when “Turkey” built a dam, due to which the percentage of water reaching “Iraq” decreased.
Al-Fayad explained that despite this, Turkey is not the big problem, given that Iran, which changed the flow of rivers and prevented its waters from reaching Iraq, is the main reason for the absence; This affected many sectors, including agriculture.
Al-Fayyad confirmed that what Iran is doing is contrary to international agreements, while revealing that “Iraq” has formed a committee of various ministries with the authority to take over the water and climate change dossier and negotiate with countries.
There is no immediate solution to the crisis.
on his side; Ahmed Hamdan Al-Jashami, of the group “Environmental Protection and Biodiversity”, said: “(Euronews),” Iraq must accelerate the construction of dams and benefit from the constant flow of rivers. “
Al-Jashami also stressed the need to take advantage of the dry waters of the valleys flowing in winter for the purpose of grazing and agriculture, while stressing the need for “Iraq” to launch a major campaign to plant millions of trees. and established green belts, and this is what Issa al-Fayyad ruled out; Who said there is no solution soon in this regard.
environmental expert; He stressed that due to the existence of preventive laws, the continued demolition of lands and orchards, the uprooting of trees and the deliberate killing of most living creatures exacerbate climate change in “Iraq”.
Threat of severing trade and economic relations.
As the crisis worsened, the First Deputy Speaker of the Iraqi Parliament threatened to cut off trade and economic relations with Turkey and Iran, due to their interruption of water supply from Iraq, which led to a significant reduction in water levels in rivers. Tiger and Euphrates.
Hakim al-Zamili said; The “Iraqi parliament” may have no choice but to respond to the two neighbors, except to legislate a law that criminalizes trade relations with them. with Turkey and Iran.
The Iraqi official explained that “Turkey” began to cut off water from “Iraq”; In the measure: 80%, while “Iran” cut it completely, ie in the measure: 100%, explaining that “Iran” changed the flow of the four rivers that flowed from its lands to “Iraq”, so that the volume of water that arrived was zero, while “Turkey” emits: 20 percent, only from water, not for the sake of “Iraq”, but for the production of electricity through the “Ilisu Dam”.
He also criticized Al-Zamil; The Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs, where he said: “It is not reasonable that the ministry has not yet appointed an ambassador for Iraq in Turkey, being satisfied with the appointment of a charge d’affaires”, adding: “The Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs abolished the embassy. the water committee, which is the most important committee ”.
He also saw that political discrepancies, non-compliance with international agreements on water discharge, as well as the lack of laws by the government that put pressure on both countries, had caused water outages.
He noted that “Iraq’s two neighbors are self-sufficient in water levels, but they insist on seceding it from Iraq, threatening to respond by stopping: $ 20 billion of the money that” Iraq “owed pays two countries. as a trade exchange.
He added that “Baghdad” will stop these funds in case the water outage continues, as well as support local factories.
Other problems in the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
In a connected; He confirmed the existence of problems in the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, from Baghdad to the southern governments, explaining that citizens’ violations sailed along the course of the two rivers.
He called on the Ministry of Resources and government agencies; To put pressure on “Turkey” and “Iran” to reach a solution formula that would pull the country out of this crisis.
It is worth mentioning that the salinity of the water has caused in recent years the transformation of thousands of hectares of land into wasteland and the admission of 100 thousand people to hospitals in the summer of 2018.
Long live “Iraq”; In recent months, a severe water crisis has occurred in a number of cities, as the quantities of water received from “Turkey” and “Iran” have been reduced by a large percentage; As a result of the construction of many dams and projects at the sources of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
According to government statistics, Iraq’s 40 million people now consume 71 billion cubic meters of water.
While it will arrive in 2035; Population at more than: 50 million, and surface water is expected to decrease to: 51 billion cubic meters per year, after the completion of all offshore projects.
Construction of an earth dam along the border.
On the other side; Iraq is trying to prevent and stop smuggling operations through Shatt al-Arab, between it and Iran, which have increased in recent months. The Joint Operations Command decided to build an earthen dam that stretches along the Iraq-Iran border in Shatt al-Arab.
The decision came after receiving information from the Iraqi security services; He confirms the high rate of smuggling and illegal entry through Shatt al-Arab by the Iranian side into Iraq in recent months and weeks, which forced the top military official in Iraq, the deputy commander of the Joint Operations Command; Lieutenant General Abdul Amir Al-Shammari, to visit the border area to see what is happening.
During his visit to the region; Al-Shammari called on the security and military services to begin construction of an earthen dam on the Iraqi side of Shatt al-Arab, closing: 183 crossings in Shatt and building a number of bridges in Al-Ahwaz more than: 20 meters.
Al-Shammari stressed the need to take the necessary measures to end infiltration and smuggling cases and work to control the borders, as required between Iraq and Iran.
The Governor of Basra announced; Asaad Al-Eidani, after meeting with “Al-Shammari” and the leaders of the security services in the province, started the construction of an earth dam with a length of: 109 kilometers along the “Shatt Al-Arab”, to prevent the penetration of smugglers and protect borders with “Iran” after the increase of drug smuggling, smuggling and goods through it.
The border strip between “Iraq” and “Iran” extends for about: 1430 km, starting from the city of “Basra” and ending with the mountain peaks in the city of “Sulaimaniyah”. In the “Kurdistan Region of Iraq”, there are legitimate border crossings that regulate economic and security relations, and illegal ones that “Baghdad” complained about causing smuggling of goods and goods years ago and that negatively affect the economy irakiane.
The step taken by the Iraqi government is the first of its kind on this common water border between the two countries. Since 2003, and despite calls made in recent years to fully control these borders and prevent infiltration, they did not receive much attention from the government of the time.
Non-compliance with the Algerian Agreement.
Commenting on the decision to build the dam, the former representative of the Governor of Basra said; Wael Abdel Latif, that the decision is a correct step to stop drug smuggling being done from Iranian territory to “Iraq”, noting that there is an agreement with “Iran” known as the “Algerian Agreement” and it there are three aspects. : water, security situation and border, but the Iranian side He did not restrain himself and said that there are people loyal to “Iran”; When they should be loyal to the homeland.
Iran demands; Since the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime in 2003, the course of the taluk line has changed; (the central line of the main navigation flow in the Shatt al-Arab to the sea), to receive Iraqi economic facilities located on its shore, taking advantage of a shift in the flow of the navigation channel at the expense of the Iraqi lands that the Authorities of “Baghdad” have not been taken seriously for more than three decades.
identify the “Algeria Agreement”; which took place in 1975, between “Iraq” and “Iran”, the line separating the two countries in “Shatt al-Arab”; Like the rest of the common borders between the two countries, but the Iraqi authorities have refrained from seriously restoring it since 2003; Due to pressure from Kurdish and Shiite-friendly forces with “Iran”, which have various observations about it, this led to the expansion of “Iran” at the expense of Iraqi lands.
Other problems with “Iran”!
Abdul Latif explained; Drug smuggling from Iran extends from the Ras Al-Bishah area; In the “Arabian Gulf”, in the province of “Maysan”, taking advantage of the gaps and places where there is no authority and smugglers use boats in this process, emphasizing that the decision of Lieutenant General “Abdul Amir al-Shammari”; By setting up a proper earth dam, especially as the main gates will be placed to regulate entry and exit.
Abdul Latif; He noted that smuggling operations were taking place along the Shatt al-Arab line from the Bishah area to the Al-Maqal area, where ships were being monitored, up to the Maysan governor, in co-operation with Iraqis, pointing to that the border line with “Iran” is the longest border line of “Iraq” with neighboring countries; He is not safe and the country has been devastated because of him, adding that the problems with “Iran” are not only related to the issue of smuggling, but also to other problems such as the large influx of visitors across the border. without permission to enter; As happened in previous years.
Limit smuggling and do not prevent it!
security specialist; “Flood breaks,” he said, that systems set up by security services do not curtail or prevent smuggling, but rather restrict it, explaining that “gangs make millions of dollars through drug smuggling” and noted that: “Iraq was a corridor country, so it turned into a drug addict after him. The phenomenon of addiction is rampant in the country.”
The floods have shown that this phenomenon is dangerous and is being attempted to be eradicated through society and security services, including tribal sheikhs, citizens and security services, noting that what is happening in smuggling is a precursor to other crimes, si. anyone who smuggles drugs can smuggle alcohol and human organs.
The Algerian agreement provides; The place between “Iraq” and “Iran”, to carry out a final planning of their land borders based on the “Constantinople Protocol” of 1913 and the minutes of the 1914 Boundary Committee, defining their land borders according to “talukit” line.
The agreement also includes the use of international arbitration between the two countries in case of differences in interpretations regarding the “Iraqi-Iranian” border line, if no agreement is reached between the two parties, or when it addresses another country as an intermediary within the set timeframes. by agreement.