19 causes of pelvic pain in women

Pelvic pain is pain that is located below the navel and above the beginning of the thighs. This may be due to various conditions. Sometimes pelvic pain is not serious and disappears on its own after a while, sometimes it indicates some kind of pathology, and in some cases you need to urgently go to the hospital.

acute appendicitis
Pain in the lower abdomen, high body temperature and vomiting can be signs of acute appendicitis. In this case, it is better to immediately consult a doctor. The inflamed appendix must be removed as soon as possible, otherwise it may burst and cause inflammation of the abdominal cavity – peritonitis.

irritable bowel syndrome
If you have persistent stomach pains, bloating, cramps, constipation, or diarrhea, this may be due to a condition known as irritable bowel syndrome. See a doctor and get tested. It is not entirely known why this condition occurs and is treated with medication, diet, and stress management.

ovulation syndrome
Some women experience pain in the lower abdomen on the right or left in the middle of the menstrual cycle, which is associated with ovulation – the release of a mature egg from the ovary. These pains are not serious and usually go away within a few hours.

Menstrual cycle and menstrual pain
Pain associated with premenstrual syndrome and uterine cramps occurs during menstruation and usually lasts one to three days. They occur due to uterine contractions seeking to get rid of sloughed mucous membranes and blood. These pains can be managed at home. If it’s very severe and you can’t get rid of it on your own, see your doctor.

ectopic pregnancy
This condition occurs when a fertilized egg is not implanted in the uterus, but somewhere else, usually in the fallopian tube. There are severe pelvic pain, bleeding from the vagina, dizziness, nausea. These symptoms should make a woman see a doctor immediately. An ectopic pregnancy is considered a life-threatening condition.

genital infections
Characteristic signs of sexually transmitted diseases (STIs): pain when urinating, vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding between periods. The most common types of STDs are gonorrhea and chlamydia. Your doctor can make a definitive diagnosis after laboratory tests. If you have been diagnosed with an STI, your partner should also be tested.

Inflammatory diseases of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries
These diseases can occur on their own or as a complication of sexually transmitted diseases. They are the number one cause of female infertility, as they can lead to irreversible damage to the organs of the female reproductive system. Antibiotics are used to treat these diseases, and hospitalization is sometimes necessary.

ovarian cysts
The ovaries contain follicles – vesicles in which eggs mature. A mature follicle ruptures during ovulation and releases an egg. If this does not happen, it turns into a cyst. These ovarian cysts are usually harmless and may go away on their own, but they can cause pain and enlargement of the abdomen. When the cyst is twisted, then a threatening situation arises – a strong sharp pain should prompt you to immediately consult a doctor. Ovarian cysts are detected during a gynecological examination, ultrasound.

muscular uterus
Myoclonuses usually occur after 30-40 years of age and are benign formations. With an increase in the size of fibroids, this leads to pain in the lower abdomen and lower back, painful periods, pain during intercourse, and problems in early pregnancy. Today, there are minimally invasive treatments for fibroids, such as uterine artery embolization (UAE).

In endometriosis, the lining of the uterus grows in unfamiliar places, such as the abdomen. During menstruation, it is rejected and begins to bleed, but the rejected tissue and blood clots cannot leave the woman’s body through the vagina. Endometriosis itself is rarely serious, but it causes pain and adhesions that can lead to problems conceiving.

Cystitis is manifested by frequent urge to urinate, pain and spasms. The infection can spread up the ureters and kidneys, which can lead to serious complications. If you are diagnosed with cystitis, you should immediately consult a doctor and begin treatment.

urolithiasis disease
Stones in the kidneys and ureters can lead to kidney spasms, which are attacks of sharp pain in the lower back that travel down the ureter. Urinary tract stones come in different sizes. Some go away on their own, others need treatment.

prolapse of the pelvic organs
With age or due to pregnancy and childbirth, the pelvic floor muscles can weaken, and the uterus, vagina, and bladder may shrink. This is not a dangerous condition, but it causes discomfort and makes intercourse painful. Specific Kegel exercises help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.

pelvic varicose veins
Varicose veins mo

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