The World Health Organization considers ovarian cancer one of the most dangerous cancers of the female reproductive system. This disease is the second most common after cervical cancer. However, it is inadequately diagnosed and poorly treatable. It is characterized by aggressive action and a tendency to relapse. Tumors occur in patients of all ages, but are more common in older women.

Causes of disease development

The mechanism of formation of ovarian tumors is similar to the development of oncological diseases of other organs. The mutation disrupts cell division and death.

Malignant formations begin to grow uncontrollably and gradually replace healthy structures.

The causes of the appearance of pathological changes have not been reliably established. Experts are inclined to believe that ovarian cancer is of hormonal origin, most often it occurs in women who suffer from constant failures in the synthesis of hormones in the reproductive system. Thus, the absence of pregnancy and childbirth significantly increases the likelihood of developing malignant tumors. At the same time, ovulation cycles are continuous, which accelerates the regeneration of ovarian epithelial cells, which ultimately leads to malignant mutations.

Other risk factors for ovarian cancer include::

Congenital genetic mutations (for example due to Lynch syndrome);
Early menstruation
The spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
Delayed menopause or childbirth.
Chronic inflammation of the genitals.
Irregular sexual life
Who lives in an area with a bad ecology;
A lot of abortions.
The main group of ovarian cancer patients are infertile women aged 40 to 69 years. Genetic predisposition to oncological diseases of the reproductive system significantly increases the risk of developing pathology.

Types of ovarian cancer

Tumors of this category are most often unilateral (grow in one ovary), rarely bilateral.

Sharing innovations:

Epithelium-formed epithelial lining of the outer or inner surface of organs;
Stromal cells-grow from cells of a certain connective tissue (stroma), which are responsible for the synthesis of estrogens, androgens and progestins. These tumors make up about 7% of the total number of diagnosed ovarian cancer cases. They are slow-growing and easy to spot in the early stages;
Carcinogen – consists of immature primary cells embedded in any tissue of the organ. They are rare, usually in young girls.

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